Why britain reduced its empire between 1939 and 1964 essay

The development of capitalism depended not only on slavery, but also on the free movement of labour The migration of labour has always reflected the combined and uneven development of capitalism on a global level. This was ultimately a result of the almost complete lack of job opportunities in Britain.

During Thatcher's first year of office a huge increase in raids carried out by police and immigration officers took place, mainly on Asian businesses with large numbers of workers, the vast majority of whom had committed no offence yet who were questioned and arrested under the new immigration legislation.

The first attempt to colonize America took place inbut first relatively successfully colony was not established until Jamestown Virginia. Jews in Aden[ edit ] Main article: Workers in the mining and railway industries were especially adamant, and troops were called in on a number of occasions.

In February Enoch Powell attacked Kenyan Asians who held British passports and who therefore had the automatic right of entry into Britain. It was the United States' overwhelming industrial might that had swung the balance against Germany during the war, and it was the American president whose ideas defined the peace.

Neither is it true, as is frequently argued by those who support immigration controls, that the implementation of controls serves to placate or silence the most racist elements in society. For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India and its army united.

During the boom years of the industrial revolution British capitalism lapped up labour with an insatiable thirst, if only to throw workers back into unemployment in times of slump. Their calls for even more controls now began to take the centre stage of British politics, amidst increasing claims that the act was being evaded.

Top Repairing Britain The huge sense of relief at a more or less dignified exit, and much platitudinous rhetoric, disguised the fact that the end of the Raj was a staggering blow for British world power.

The UK has varied relationships with the countries that make up the Commonwealth of Nations which originated from the British Empire. Britain wanted an Empire because they wanted to be able to exploit, take control of their resources, the natural resources of a less developed country and have a source of cheap labour.

Colony of Aden

In South East Asia, protecting the new federation of Malaysia against Indonesian aggression became more and more costly. In fact, throughout the war the British government brought more than 60, Irish men and women to work in Britain, as well as smaller numbers from the Caribbean and the Indian sub-continent.

By June there were 3. Of course, this was never openly admitted. Top s to the Present: Even so right wing Tory MPs tabled motions demanding urgent discussion on the 'changing demographic character of Great Britain'50 meaning of course the colour of people's skin and Labour's home secretary, Roy Jenkins, responded by assuring them that Labour would maintain 'strict immigration control' and would 'root out' illegal immigrants and overstayers.

By the end of the decade, things were not going well. Nevertheless, Google-books provided a copious amount of literature so my limited resources did not affect the outcome of the study.

And yet 20 years later, another war would begin all over again, one that would kill 55 million people. Commentary Britain suffered from a case of political confusion in the years following the First World War. Workers stoned policemen at the refinery gates, with clashes resulting in some deaths.

America had to withdraw her massive loans to Europe. In this respect the British government helped to play its part, alongside many other European nations, in driving millions of Jews into Hitler's concentration camps during the course of the Second World War. In figures for Commonwealth immigration showed a small increase had taken place, from 66, in the previous year, to 75, an increase which was largely accounted for by women and children entering the UK to join male relatives already here, amidst continued fears that the entry of dependants would soon be prohibited.

Warrants were now issued without having to refer to the names of particular individuals. Between the s and s there was a staggering decline in the total number of new immigrant workers entering Britain with the figure standing at around a year for most of this period.

Aden became independent as the South Yemen on 30 November without joining the Commonwealthbut the South Arabian dinar continued at the one-to-one parity with sterling until Top League of Nations The writer HG Wells had called the - war the 'war to end all wars', and the peace conference which met at Versailles in was determined that such a cataclysm should never happen again.

It was becoming much harder for Britain to control the rate of political change, especially where the presence of settlers as in Kenya and the Rhodesias sharpened conflicts over land. With only a few notable exceptions, this has continued to be the case throughout each successive decade of the 20th century.

Britain During the Inter-War Years Summary The British government had a great deal of difficulty in adjusting to post-war politics. The catastrophic British defeats in Europe and Asia between and destroyed its financial and economic independence, the real foundation of the imperial system.

Why Does Britain Want An Empire Homework Essay Sample

Given that the intended targets of the Act were all black or Asian and few ever even attempted to deny thisthe Act also marks the first of a series of racially discriminatory pieces of legislation which have combined to lay the basis for the notoriously racist immigration laws for which Britain is so famous today.

British and French troops landed in November 5th and 6th, disregarding two further calls for truce by the UN. If we are seen to be permitting a flood of immigrants to come in and blight the central areas of our cities.

Women got the vote without difficulty in after four years of doing the civilian work of three million men who had been away fighting in the army - in munitions factories, on the land and as nurses on the Western Front.

Indeed, Britain continued to decline as a world power in the post-war years and was forced to give up much of its empire. This links to economic further because if you trade you expand the economy.

The Colony of Aden or Aden Colony (Arabic: مستعمرة عدن ‎ Musta‘marat ‘Adan) was a British Crown colony from to located in the south of contemporary Yemen.

It consisted of the port of Aden and its immediate surroundings (an area of km 2 (74 sq mi)).Currency: Indian Rupee (–), East African Shilling (–).

The Colony of Aden or Aden Colony “The town of Aden was tied much more closely into the fabric of the British Empire and developed more rapidly than its surrounding hinterland".

Chatham House Essay Series, H.

Overview: Britain, 1918 - 1945

J. Liebensy. Administration and Legal Development in Arabia. Middle East Journal, Languages: English, Arabic stamp. Why Does Britain Want An Empire Homework Essay Sample. An Empire is a group of countries that are all controlled by one country. Britain started forming an Empire in in the Renaissance period.

Why The British Empire Was Unique History Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

and formally incorporated India into the British Empire. Also Britain and the Dutch shared similarities.

Economic history of the United Kingdom

Assess the reasons why Britain reduced its Empire between and In the Second World War ended, the next thirty years were to see rapid disintegration of the European empires and the creation of many new independent states.

In Britain were two empires, one of them was called “First Empire” () and the other was called the “Victorian Empire”. It’s ending was in ,when it turned into the “.

Britain, the Commonwealth and the End of Empire Why britain reduced its empire between 1939 and 1964 essay
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BBC - History - British History in depth: Britain, the Commonwealth and the End of Empire